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Do you know your skin type?

by Our Deep Skin

There are 4 types of skin: Normal, Dry, Oily and Combination.

You are born with a certain type of skin which is determined by your genetics & ethnicity. However age, lifestyle and diet can all impact your skin type. Your skin type is paired with skin conditions such as: acne prone, sensitive or mature skin. Skin can change over time, it may depend on weather, seasons, hormonal changes etc.

No matter your skin type, you should be cleansing, applying a serum, exfoliating, moisturising and using a sunscreen in your skincare routine.

 

Normal Skin

  • Good oil-water balance
  • May fluctuate to be more oily or dry
  • Small to medium follicle size/ pores barely visible
  • Typically blemish free/ less breakouts
  • Even skin tone/ feels smooth
  • Minimal sensitivities

Your skin is neither oily or dry overall. There can be periods where skin fluctuates but mostly there are no main skin issues. There are few discolorations and skin is often blemish free. Skin has a smooth texture, no lines visible or rough patches.

Skin can tend to feel oily or dry from time to time, or get clogged pores so still need to:

  1. Use a gentle cleanser
  2. Exfoliate with a non-irritating AHA/ BHA serum
  3. Use a mild moisturiser with anti-ageing ingredients such as peptides
  4. Wear SPF!

 

Dry Skin

  • Feels tight in the morning
  • May have rough or flakey/ cracking patches
  • May be itchy
  • Dull & ashy appearance
  • Skin does not produce enough oil (sebum)
  • Small follicles/ pores
  • Prone to pigmentation & redness
  • Lines and wrinkles appear more visible
  • Skin absorbs moisture fast

Dry skin produces less sebum than normal skin so is unable to retain as much moisture as it should be able to. Use oil based products and face oils.

Ingredients to look out for:

  1. Hyaluronic acid and glycerin (humectants) for glowing complexion
  2. Urea, amino acids, ceramides and lactic acids are natural ingredients that can help the skin retain moisture
  3. Tartaric acid has antioxidant properties, can smoothen out fine lines, wrinkles and break down dead skin cells in flakey patches

 

Oily Skin

  • Feels slick to the touch and has a shiny appearance
  • Produces oils in the t-zone and the cheek area
  • Pores are enlarged/ large follicles
  • Prone to blackheads, blemishes and acne
  • Excess oil (sebum) production
  • Feels greasy/dewy/ slippery by the end of the day

Your skin appears greasy and shiny all over due to the overproduction of sebum. Your pores appear large especially around the nose, forehead, cheeks and chin (t-zone). You are prone to acne and blackheads as a result of clogged pores. It is difficult to keep makeup on your face for a long time as it usually slides off.

Use products, especially gel or foam cleansers, that contain:

  1. Salicylic acid – to clear clogged pores and treat acne/ blackheads
  2. Mandelic acid – to regulate oil production
  3. Glycolic acid – to dissolve dead skin cells and smoothen texture of skin

 

Combination Skin

  • Usually dry on the cheeks/jawline but oily in the t-zone
  • Enlarged pores (usually in the t-zone)
  • May be dry-combination (dry on the cheeks, normal-to-oily in the t-zone) or oily-combination (oily in the t-zone, dry-to-normal on the cheeks)
  • Recurring acne in specific places

Typically, your cheeks are dry and your t-zone is oily. You have enlarged pores especially around the nose and/or chin area. You are very prone to blackheads.

Use products, especially gel or foam cleansers, that contain:

  1. Salicylic acid – to clear clogged pores and treat acne/ blackheads
  2. Lactic acid – to hydrate and plump the skin
  3. Glycolic acid – to dissolve dead skin cells and smoothen texture of skin

 

BONUS!

 

Dehydrated Skin

  • Skin is visibly dry and may have rough or flakey spots but produces excessive sebum
  • Often mistaken for oily skin due to oil production, in turn making it worse by using drying products
  • Should be treated as dry skin, despite oily appearance

Defined as a skin condition, not classified as a skin type. It is a temporary condition as the skin does not always feel dry.

Dehydration is caused by external conditions such as the weather, unhealthy diet and lifestyle choices such as alcohol. These factors result in lack of hydration and water retention in the skin.

Your skin looks dry with rough or flakey areas however your skin overproduces sebum. It is commonly mistaken for oily skin because of the overproduction of oil.

Avoid drying ingredients to counteract oil production as it will further dry out the skin. Use water-based products.

Look for products that contain:

  1. Malic acid – to help retain hydration
  2. Mandelic acid – to regulate oil production



Sensitive Skin

  • Reacts negatively to many products or anything with fragrance, often breaking out or becoming very dry
  • May become red or hot when touched
  • May have visible blotchiness/ red areas
  • May be itchy
  • Sensitive to the sun
  • Wind reacts negatively to many products – may become red

Sensitive skin often appears red, blotchy and may feel itchy. It is easily irritated and reacts negatively to a number of products resulting in breakouts or feeling very dry.

Use sensitive/ hypoallergenic products. Avoid products that contain sulphates.

Use products that contain:

  1. Lactic acid – to hydrate and plump the skin
  2. Mandelic acid – to treat breakouts

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