Skin whitening, skin lightening, skin bleaching, skin brightening … Is it all the same thing?
Well … lightening, whitening and bleaching are often used interchangeably. These processes refer to the intense suppression of the pigment melanin. They use ‘tyrosinase inhibitors’ to block the skin’s production of melanin. Example ingredients: hydroquinone or mercury.
Skin lightening damages elastin strands in the skin causing premature ageing & weakening of the skin barrier. Long term, it is toxic to cells and can cause problems with the nerves and liver.
Skin Brightening is completely different. Our skin is continuously renewing it’s cells; creating new ones to replace the older ones. Often, the dead skin cells remain on the skin’s surface and can cause it to appear dull.
Exfoliation removes these dead skin cells from the skin’s surface, which revitalizes it and makes it look more radiant and “brighter”.
Brightening here is achieved with ingredients such as alpha and beta hydroxy acids (AHAs & BHAs), vitamins A, E and C that help the skin to naturally shed dead skin cells, helping gradually fade dark spots.